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30 Controversial Facts About Charles II Of England, The Vengeful King

30 Controversial Facts About Charles II Of England, The Vengeful King

Image this. For the very first time, England has executed its personal king. First, they arrest him for treason, after which they behead him. And he’s your father. You go into exile for a decade, solely to have your former enemies invite you again to take his place as the subsequent monarch. That was the damaging scenario that Charles II confronted when he grew to become King of England—and the peril and tragedy didn’t cease there. Listed here are scandalous details about Charles II, the deposed king.

1. He Was Born Into Turmoil

As king, Charles I didn’t make life simple for himself—and, as an eventual consequence, made issues terribly troublesome for his son. By the point of his son’s beginning in 1630, he was already on skinny ice. The King had given up a lot of his rights to be able to make good with the pesky English Parliament—and get extra of their cash. Sadly, it wouldn’t be sufficient to stop his darkish destiny.

2. He Was The Inheritor With A Spare, And Then Some

Charles II wasn’t the primary of his identify. His dad and mom had named their first son Charles as effectively, however he’d handed on shortly after beginning. The folks anticipated the King and Queen to provide one other inheritor for the Home of Stuart. Fortunately for them, Charles II got here alongside quickly afterward, and 7 others adopted, most of whom made it to maturity.

His dad and mom have been fairly proficient at bearing heirs, it’s true. Charles II wouldn’t have the identical luck—and it might have dire penalties.

3. He Had All Sorts Of Influences

With a lot drama within the royal court docket, the King Charles I and his Queen Henrietta Maria needed to enlist a bevy of courtiers and household to assist with their massive brood. Charles II grew up torn between these factions and their totally different religions—which might nonetheless very a lot current an issue in these days. His governess was Protestant, whereas his mom’s household in France have been Catholic.

When it got here to faith, King Charles I used to be a bit far and wide—and it might come again to hang-out him later.

4. The King Was In Hassle

Issues had been tense after Charles II’s beginning, however as he grew up, his father and Parliament reached a form of peace. However then, all of it fell aside immediately. Many rulers in historical past have believed within the divine proper to rule, which means that God alone offers them the correct to rule and that they don’t have to reply to any earthly energy. Charles I believed this, however British Parliament didn’t agree, and in 1642 it got here to a head.

5. He Was In The Thick Of It

That yr, the English Civil Battle broke out with two warring factions: the Royalists, and the Parliamentarians. Charles I knew that he was in hassle. He despatched many members of the family away to France, the place his spouse’s brother was King—however not all of them. He saved his son, Charles II, proper by aspect, the place the younger boy witnessed bloody battles and violent campaigns.

The King even made Charles II commander of English forces within the West Nation on the age of 14—however the boy couldn’t keep out of hurt’s means perpetually.

6. He Despatched Him Away

Quickly, the tides modified and it the Royalists started to lose floor. Fearing for his son and inheritor’s life, Charles I made a heartbreaking resolution. He despatched Charles II, then 16 years previous, on the lengthy journey to France, the place he’d discover security along with his mom and her household. It was a sensible resolution, as issues have been about to get means worse.

7. He Did All the things He Might

Whether or not he was hiding out in France or at The Hague, Charles II tried valiantly to enlist assist for the royalist trigger. He did have some luck within the Netherlands—however he additionally had his fair proportion of distractions. He was a teen boy, in any case. Throughout his time in The Hague, Charles II started an affair with a girl named Lucy Walter.

Quickly after, she grew to become pregnant they usually had a son collectively. Whereas illegitimate, Charles II however showered his son with titles. This was only the start of a lifetime of scandalous affairs for Charles II—however this one specifically would come again to chunk him in a while.

8. It Was Over

As we mentioned, Charles II did have some assist getting royalist allies to ship males to assist his father again in England—however sadly, it was all for nothing. The King had accomplished every little thing in his energy to carry onto the throne, however he’d been defeated. His opponents put him on trial for treason, claiming that he’d used his energy for private curiosity as a substitute of the great of the nation.

King Charles continued to say that he had absolute energy till they eliminated him from the court docket, and days later, sentenced him to beheading. Charles II’s combat was over—for now.

9. They By no means Received To Reunite

At this level, Charles II had not seen his father for 15 months. He was nonetheless residing with a goal on his head. If he have been to return to England, issues would’ve gotten exponentially worse. Sadly, this meant that he by no means acquired to say goodbye to his father. Nonetheless, within the King’s closing moments, Charles I did have a heartbreaking farewell with two of his youngsters, Henry and Elizabeth—and he gave them a grave warning.

10. They Beheaded Him

The King couldn’t save himself, however he begged his youthful son Henry to not let the brand new authorities make him a puppet king. He knew that every one of his youngsters have been in peril, particularly Charles II—but in addition, Henry was the one one in captivity. Shortly afterward, on January 30, 1649, Charles I grew to become the primary English king to be executed.

The tragic occasion made Charles II a boy with no father, and an inheritor with no throne. The subsequent years of his life have been completely dire.

11. They Turned On Him

The King’s execution despatched shockwaves all through Europe. Such a darkish transgression towards of one in every of their very own ought to’ve compelled rulers and statesmen to again up Charles II, however no such luck. They tiptoed across the topic, sending half-hearted messages of sympathy to Charles II that dared not even point out his declare to the throne. He felt the bitterness of all of it rise in his veins—and ultimately, it might all come violently pouring out.

12. They Disagreed

The Parliamentary forces in England might have beheaded their king, however there was one component they didn’t depend on. Earlier than his execution, Charles I had received Scotland over to the royalist trigger. And when these Scots discovered what had occurred in London, they weren’t precisely happy. To shoot again at England, they named Charles II the King of Nice Britain, France and Eire—however there was a twist.

13. They Had Some Large Concepts

You’d assume that making somebody King would additionally imply you’d welcome them with open arms—however not in 17th century Scotland. No, that they had some circumstances in thoughts for Charles II earlier than they’d let him step foot on their soil. They needed him to impose Presbyterianism throughout Britain and Eire, and contemplating most of his “kingdom” didn’t imagine he was their ruler anyway, he was not precisely into pleasing them. This was his first mistake.

14. They Compelled Him To Be a part of Them

As an alternative of capitulating to their calls for, Charles II despatched in his finest normal. In return, they acquired him a ugly shock. The Scots rapidly captured and executed mentioned normal. With out a lot of a foot to face on, Charles II agreed to their circumstances and traveled to Scotland. This deal didn’t precisely make him common with the English—however he had greater issues than them.

15. His Sworn Enemy Got here Again Into The Image

Certain, the English Parliament had been the driving pressure behind the English Civil Battle and his father’s execution, however there was one determine main them to that bloody conclusion, and his identify was Oliver Cromwell. And regardless that he’d vanquished Charles I, he wasn’t accomplished with the Stuart dynasty but—he now had his eyes set on Charles II and the Scottish forces who have been backing him up.

16. He Didn’t Like His Supporters

When Charles capitulated to the Scottish calls for for Presbyterianism, he’d felt like he was making a cope with the satan. Then, Cromwell’s forces got here for him and his allies and in the end defeated the Scottish on the Battle of Dunbar. Charles II was in his most disadvantageous place but, and it was about to worsen. The Scottish forces splintered into two factions. Once more, this left Charles in a lower than fascinating scenario.

17. He Tried To Escape Them

The Scots had cut up into these with a hankering for a few of that candy Presbyterianism, and easy royalists who simply missed having a king to face behind. Charles II picked the straightforward aspect, and tried to flee to affix the royalists. As soon as once more, he picked unsuitable. They recaptured him, and compelled him to confess that Presbyterian or not, they have been his finest hope at restoration.

They begrudgingly topped him King Charles II on New 12 months’s Day in 1651—however there was nonetheless that little matter of Cromwell and the Brits.

18. They Made It To Enemy Territory

Now united, Charles II and the Scottish forces made a chilling realization. In the event that they needed to get anyplace, they needed to carry their fury proper to Cromwell’s door. There was only one downside: the numbers of supporters for Charles II have been rapidly waning. Regardless, they moved ahead. Sadly, they met brutal defeat as soon as once more—and on English soil, which left their king in grave hazard.

19. Stranded In England

It was Charles II’s first return to England since earlier than his father’s execution—however simply as quickly because it started, it was over. Charles was now in enemy territory, and he had no selection however to make a really harrowing escape. Because the Parliamentary forces got here for him, he narrowly averted them by exiting by means of the again door of the very constructing they have been coming into. For his subsequent transfer, he got here up with a chilling plan.

20. He Took Flight

The protected transfer would’ve been to retreat to Scotland, however as a substitute, Charles II needed to go straight to London, proper within the eye of the storm. Name it harebrained or no matter else you need, however there’s one factor we’ve acquired to confess: What adopted was an epic journey worthy of an episode of Sport of Thrones or three. Over the subsequent six weeks, Charles II and his small group of officers traveled by means of England, and he went to nice lengths to not be acknowledged.

21. Issues Had To Change

When he reached the county of Shropshire, locals helped to disguise and shelter Charles II, going full My Honest Girl on him. Not solely did they provide him a makeover, additionally they taught him to talk with an area accent. From right here, he made an try and get the River Severn, which might take him nearer to London. When he acquired there, Parliamentary forces have been a step forward of him, and have been carefully guarding the waterway.

The sighting pressured him to concede that attending to London could be close to inconceivable—and that it was time to provide you with a brand new plan.

22. They Had A Very Shut Name

They returned to the home they’d sheltered at in Shropshire—solely to make a chilling discovery. Parliamentary forces have been making ready to go looking the home and grounds that day. So, Charles II and his males got here up with a devious plan. They hid the King in a close-by oak tree for your complete day. One among his allies later reported that the Parliamentary forces have been providing a reward of £1,000 for data resulting in Charles II’s seize—a veritable fortune in these days. He wanted to get out of dodge, and quick.

23. Individuals Rallied Behind Him

With their enemies scorching on their tails, Charles II and his remaining entourage got here up with a plan. The King would go to France, and to get there, they’d spirit him away to the seaport in Bristol. They enlisted the assistance of each ally that they might alongside the way in which, together with a girl named Jane Lane. She had a allow to journey, and Charles posed as her servant, whereas one in every of his males, Lord Wilmot, created a distraction by flaunting his presence, undisguised, just a few miles forward of the celebration. Collectively, they made it to Bristol, however their perilous journey wasn’t over but.

24. They Didn’t Cease Attempting

As soon as Charles II and his males have been in Bristol, they confronted an surprising setback. There have been no ships touring to France. Within the weeks that adopted, there have been much more disguises, extra shut calls, extra ruses, and extra touring between port cities hoping to discover a ship that may take Charles II to security in France. Lastly, he discovered one and made it over to Paris, the place he reunited along with his mom.

Although Charles II had fled England, he nonetheless believed he had a proper to the crown, and would proceed to combat for it.

25. He Lastly Escaped…

Whereas in Paris, the French King Louis XIV supported Charles II, paying his means—however not paying him sufficient that Charles might collect males to return to England and declare his crown. Simply as he started to get snug in his exile, a courtier introduced Charles II some devastating information. Again house, the Parliament had named his sworn enemy Oliver Cromwell because the Lord Protector of England. Issues acquired even worse from there.

26. …Solely For Them To Exile Him Once more

At this level, each France and the Netherlands selected to ally themselves with Cromwell and his authorities. As soon as once more, Charles felt the cruel sting of betrayal. This time, he turned to Spain for help and shelter. They have been at odds with France—and now, so was he. They agreed to help his declare to the English crown if he’d increase a military to tackle France. He wasn’t able to cease preventing but—however he had no concept what he was dealing with.

27. Luck Lastly Got here His Manner

Charles II gathered a ragtag crew of males to affix the Spanish in battle—solely to face a horrific defeat by the hands of the allied French and British. It was a crushing blow—however then, a surprising accident modified every little thing immediately. In 1658, Oliver Cromwell fell ailing and handed on. Whereas they’d moved away from a monarchy, England didn’t fairly the get the entire “democratically elected chief” factor but. Oliver Cromwell had named his son Richard as his successor, so they simply form of went with it—not less than, at first.

28. It All Crumbled

Whereas Oliver Cromwell had frolicked in Parliament, and much more time main a military, his son Richard had accomplished…neither of these issues. With few allies and little expertise, he lasted a few yr earlier than he resigned. There was additionally an election to interchange members of Parliament for the primary time in 20 years. Instantly, it seemed just like the tide was delivering Charles II’s favor.

29. They Made Him Promise To Be Good

Whereas it appeared as if Charles II lastly had an opportunity at capturing the crown that his enemies had stolen from his father, the brand new Parliament wasn’t about to make it simple. In spite of everything, Charles II had a proper to be indignant and search vengeance on those that had aided in his father’s execution and his exile—however the Parliament needed to keep away from that form of chaos. They promised him the crown, however with a really particular set of circumstances.

He needed to swear to work in cooperation with Parliament, provide non secular tolerance, and ignore the transgressions carried out towards him by his opponents. It was a bitter capsule to swallow, however he knew what he needed to do.

30. They Restored His Crown

Lastly, greater than a decade after they’d executed his father, the Parliament invited Charles II to return to England. They might lastly proclaim him king—and that wasn’t all. They agreed that he’d rightfully been king since his father’s beheading, successfully erasing the earlier 11 years from historical past. Charles II had fled England as a teen, solely to reach again in London on the day of his 30th birthday.

After years of chaos, there was lastly order in England—however the identical couldn’t be mentioned for Charles’ life, which was getting extra dramatic by the minute.

31. He Celebrated His Allies…

After a lavish coronation in 1661, Charles II set about his duties as king—however he hadn’t forgotten what occurred to him within the decade prior. Lots of his allies from that interval had additionally lived in exile, and he welcomed them again to England with open arms and showered them with titles and regular paycheques. He hadn’t forgotten anybody who had helped him alongside the way in which—however he additionally hadn’t forgiven anybody who had wronged him.

32. …And Crushed His Enemies

Within the treaty between Parliament and King Charles II, there was a provision that pardoned previous treason towards the crown. Nonetheless, there was one main exception: Anybody who had been concerned along with his father’s execution had no likelihood for parson. Charles II was able to inflict his brutal vengeance. In 1649, 59 judges had signed his father’s demise warrant. 31 have been nonetheless alive—and the hunt was on.

33. He Received Revenge

King Charles II despatched his males after the regicidal judges. Whereas some escaped and some fled to the American colonies, most have been caught—and their punishments have been completely brutal. By the subsequent two years, Charles had them tried for his or her offenses. He had some imprisoned for all times, whereas he had many others hanged, drawn, and quartered.

These executions performed an vital function past vengeance—additionally they served to sign to the folks of England that they have been as soon as once more below a king’s rule, and that any acts towards the crown could be harshly punished.

34. They Had been Terribly Pompous

After years of selecting sides between religions—together with his ill-fated time with Scottish Presbyterians—Charles II agreed to make the Church of England the official church. And boy oh boy, have been they sore winners. They taunted each Presbyterians and different sorts of Protestants and burned copies of their vital paperwork.

On high of that, when a small Puritan sect rebelled, Charles II had their members tried and executed for treason. It was an unsightly scene—and it was about to get uglier.

35. He Lived Scandalously

Whereas Oliver Cromwell had been a fierce Puritan, Charles II was …the precise reverse of that. And this wasn’t simply mirrored in his reign and his insurance policies. No, he was a complete celebration boy, and he had a style for the women. Whereas he’d largely spent his decade in exile preventing for his crown, he’d additionally discovered loads of time for some, ahem, extracurricular actions—however sometimes, that they had penalties.

36. He Beloved ‘Em And Left ‘Em

As we talked about earlier, Charles II had sired his first little one means again when he was simply 19 years previous. The mom was a girl named Lucy Walter. After he ended their affair, her response was completely bone-chilling. She unfold rumors that her and Charles had secretly wed, hoping to determine a declare to the throne for her illegitimate son. Charles didn’t appear to care—he had moved on in a giant means. When he was in Paris, he romanced one in every of his mom’s maids of honour. She bore him a daughter, and he didn’t cease there.

37. He Was Prolific

When he moved from Paris to Bruges, Charles took up with one other girl, having one other two youngsters along with her in fast succession. So, if you happen to’re preserving depend, he had 4 illegitimate youngsters earlier than he even returned to England as king. Whatever the circumstances of their beginning, Charles II did attempt to assist his youngsters—giving the boys titles and positions within the army, and ensuring his daughters married effectively. He would go on to sire roughly 14 different youngsters illegitimately—however the relationships didn’t all the time go as easily.

38. They Had been Years In The Making

Whereas Charles II clearly liked his bachelor life-style, his topics anticipated the king to have a queen by his aspect. When his father was nonetheless alive, he’d tried to rearrange a wedding for Charles II with somebody from the Portuguese royal household as a political transfer—and stunning, greater than a decade later, there was nonetheless some benefit to such a match. The Queen of Portugal organized for her eldest daughter, Catherine of Braganza, to be despatched to England to wed the king. In return, Portugal offered him with a humiliation of riches.

39. He Gained Large

On the time, Portugal was in battle with Spain, they usually actually wanted the English at their aspect. In return for Catherine, Charles II obtained a bunch of territories, the flexibility to conduct enterprise in Portugal, and an enormous financial payout. As a brand new king, Charles II would be capable to proudly current his new queen to his topics as proof of his sound decision-making—however there was only one downside.

40. Issues Had been Taking place Behind Closed Doorways

When Catherine of Braganza got here to England to fulfill her new husband Charles II, it was a joyous event—however the two have been truly hiding a darkish secret. Catherine was truly Catholic, which after all of the non secular upheaval of the earlier a long time, wouldn’t be welcome information to the general public. So, the younger couple got here up with a plan.

They’d two marriage ceremonies—a secret Catholic one, and a big Anglican service with many friends. Nonetheless, preserving secrets and techniques is a harmful recreation, as they might later come to search out out.

41. They Weren’t Precisely A Match

The court docket held nice celebrations for Charles and Catherine’s wedding ceremony, however when the lights got here on, the music pale, and the friends departed, he was in for an incredible huge shock. Charles II was, in any case, a pleasure seeker, whereas Catherine had grown up in a convent. Not solely had her overprotective mom sheltered her, she’d barely even left the palace. In contract, Charles had spent his 20s in exile, throughout Europe and Britain, bedding each second enticing courtier who he crossed paths with.

You may see how this is able to trigger an issue.

42. He Went Again To Womanizing

After they so-called honeymoon was over, Catherine was in for a tough awakening. Whereas Charles II’s mom thought that Catherine was the perfect daughter-in-law, the king didn’t precisely agree. This isn’t to say that she wasn’t lovely and charming, simply that it wasn’t sufficient to carry Charles II’s consideration.

Quickly sufficient, he was again to his previous methods, forcing Catherine to face the reality of the scenario. Although his conduct humiliated her, she had no selection however to associate with it—even because it acquired worse and worse.

43. She Had Worshipped Him

Across the time of his coronation, Charles II grew to become concerned with the gorgeous younger daughter of a loyalist household, Barbara Palmer. Whereas England had exiled him, her household had secretly celebrated his birthday annually, believing him to be the true king. She was married after they met. Nonetheless, they started a flaming scorching affair that lasted over a decade, and had its fair proportion of candy highs and disturbing lows.

44. She Received A Increase

Charles II’s new well-known mistress was poor as grime, so he rapidly acquired her on a monetary plan that may fulfill her—and tee off his courtiers. Each time the mint made silver into cash, they gave her a royalty fee. He additionally gave her husband titles that he might then cross all the way down to their youngsters. Nicely, spoiler alert: many suspect that Charles II fathered each single one in every of Barbara Palmer’s youngsters.

It was a pleasant, inventive approach to get the husband of your mistress to close up and guarantee your illegitimate youngsters had a future. There was only one downside…

45. They Knew What He Was Doing

There have been few actual secrets and techniques within the English court docket, and Charles II’s romantic file—the numerous mistresses and the numerous illegitimate youngsters—have been principally public information. This might have dire penalties. All through his reign, he ended up acknowledging 12 of his approx. 14 youngsters, and he gave titles to most of them.

It was one factor when the King was supporting simply a few youngsters. When there have been a dozen of them on the payroll (to not point out their moms), his topics acquired indignant—and that rage bubbled up over time.

46. He Unfold It Round

It wasn’t simply the monetary burden that acquired folks indignant—it was the quantity of energy that these girls might maintain over the king. They have been his closest confidantes and the keepers of his secrets and techniques. At one level, folks even started to name Barbara Palmer the “Uncrowned Queen” due to how a lot affect she wielded—quickly sufficient, stuff hit the fan.

47. She Was Prolific Too

To say that the affair between Charles II and Barbara Palmer was scorching and heavy could be an understatement. These two couldn’t keep out of the bed room. Between 1661 and 1665, Palmer gave beginning to 5 of Charles II’s youngsters in fast succession, and he acknowledged all of them. When you think about what the Queen was going by means of, it was additional harsh…

48. They Tried So Laborious

Convent childhood or not, Catherine of Braganza knew why she was in England, and he or she set about her marital duties quickly after the marriage—however then, her worst nightmares to turn into a actuality. She acquired pregnant, solely to miscarry…after which it occurred once more, and once more. As if being ripped from her house and married off to a carousing husband wasn’t sufficient, she now needed to face the chance that she wouldn’t conceive an inheritor. Slowly, all of the stress started to get to her.

49. It Broke Her Coronary heart

In 1663, Catherine grew to become very sick. As she lay ailing, she started to expertise chilling delusions. She thought that she’d lastly given beginning, and requested about her child. Charles II’s response was completely heartbreaking. With the intention to assuage his fevered spouse, he instructed her that she had certainly given him two sons and a daughter.

It was sufficient to calm her, and he or she ultimately recovered from the sickness—however her ordeal wasn’t over.

50. He Had Her Again

Charles II knew how vital it was to have an inheritor—in any case, with out him, the Stuart dynasty would’ve simply ended along with his father. Nonetheless, although his spouse did not bear him a toddler, he tried his finest to be sure that she was given the respect worthy of her place, and infrequently defended her from his sneering bevy of jealous mistresses. I’m positive it was chilly consolation, particularly given what everybody else was saying…

51. He Laid Down The Legislation

Catherine of Braganza had two main components working towards her: her childlessness, and her Catholicism. Ultimately, Charles II’s royal advisors approached him with a proposal. They mentioned that he ought to divorce her, and discover lady who didn’t possess these apparently horrible traits. His reply made their blood run chilly.

He knew there was benefit to their suggestion, however he outright refused—and continued to take action within the years that adopted, whilst his courtiers started to harass and goal her.

52. He Was A Fairly, Fairly Dangerous Husband

Nonetheless, don’t let that one anecdote idiot you into considering he was a sort husband. In 1662, whereas Charles II and Catherine have been on their honeymoon, his chief mistress, Barbara Palmer, gave beginning to his son. He was ecstatic, and needed to thank her. Nonetheless, the way in which he did it was completely cold-blooded. Charles II gave Palmer a brand new title, as Girl of the Bedchamber—however not the bedchamber you’d assume.

The title truly meant that she grew to become his spouse’s chief lady-in-waiting. When Charles II instructed Catherine, she fainted on the spot. It was the final word betrayal—and it was about to worsen.

53. She Tried To Escape

The humiliation of all of it had a devastating impact on Catherine, and he or she withdrew from her husband and even tried to make plans to return to her native Portugal. As an alternative of making an attempt to win her again with honey, Charles II went straight for the vinegar. Catherine had introduced numerous ladies-in-waiting along with her over from Portugal, and he despatched all of them house.

She was completely alone, and his threatening message had labored. She stayed—however her enthusiasm for each the English court docket and her husband waned.

54. He Had A Large Crush

It’s laborious to think about, contemplating his prolific historical past of lovely mistresses, however even Charles II had a “one which acquired away.” In his case, it was but one other of his spouse’s ladies-in-waiting, Frances Stewart. Upon seeing her at court docket, he fell for her—and fell laborious. He typically entertained the concept of marrying her at any time when his advisors pushed for divorce, or at any time when his spouse was ailing (what a gentleman). Shocking nobody, it ended up going to excessive lengths.

55. She Wasn’t

Charles II had fought for his crown for greater than a decade, so nobody actually raised an eyebrow when he spent years making an attempt to get one lady’s consideration. He even used her because the inspiration for the picture of Britannia on a coin, and her “face” remained in circulation for hundreds of years afterward. He was so devoted to this huge crush that even after smallpox left her scarred, he was nonetheless into her.

Whereas it was rumored that Barbara Palmer caught them within the act as soon as, there’s extra substantial proof that Stuart did every little thing in her energy to steer clear of the lascivious king. Oh effectively—there have been loads of different mistresses to distract him.


It wasn’t solely affairs that prompted hassle for Charles II. In 1665, he confronted the best downside of his reign. It was that yr that the Nice Plague broke out in London. The epidemic had slowly crept to England from Europe, and regardless of measures taken to stop it, it quickly ran rampant, taking the lives of as much as 7,000 folks per week. When summer season hit, it was a full-blown horror present.

57. They Ran

In July 1665, the plague was at its worst. Charles II, his household, and his court docket all fled London, as did just about everybody else who had the monetary means to take action. London was a ghost city, populated solely by the poor who didn’t have the assets to flee—not that the areas outdoors of the town have been welcoming anybody anyway.

It’s inconceivable to estimate what number of misplaced their lives, however some data level to the quantity being about 30% to 50% of the inhabitants. Because the month went on, the quantity waned—however the hazard was nonetheless there.

58. It Wasn’t Over

In February 1666, the King lastly returned to London. Taking his lead, many others adopted, and slowly, issues started to get to regular. There have been nonetheless instances right here and there, however quickly sufficient, the illness could be accomplished eradicated—all for a dsiturbing motive. With the outbreak of the Nice Plague, London had identified worry, however quickly, the town would know full and utter disaster.

59. It Was The Nice Fireplace Of London

Within the autumn of 1666, simply as life was getting again to regular in London, tragedy struck. Shortly after midnight on September 2, a hearth began in a bakery. Rapidly, it started to unfold and to push north into the center of the town—and the response was chilling. Individuals started to activate one another, and unfold rumors that the hearth had been set by French and Dutch immigrants.

As the hearth continued to unfold, firefighters have been fully overwhelmed—however it wasn’t all their fault.

60. They Received In Their Personal Manner

There’d been a distinctly anti-royalist sentiment in London by means of Charles I’s reign, and the folks there hadn’t precisely warmed to Charles II both. When the hearth broke out, he provided the mayor assist and to ship his males in, however, wanting to take care of the town’s independence, he refused. In consequence, the hearth was a lot worse than it ought to’ve been.

61. He Feared Them

All in all, the Nice Fireplace of London burned for 4 days, and principally destroyed your complete metropolis middle. Whereas there have been few casualties, the aftermath was however devastating—and it had dire penalties for Charles II. So a lot of his topics had misplaced their houses, and he feared an rebellion. In consequence, he inspired folks to depart London and settle elsewhere.

He additionally took an energetic function in rebuilding the town—and for as soon as, it truly had his desired impact.

62. He Made London What It Is At present

As quickly as the hearth was out, Charles II ensured that the town would have a gentle provide of bread, and started to solicit plans to rebuild. There was one other aspect impact that labored in his favor—the hearth had burned down the previous, unsanitary housing the place so many rats and fleas had lived, and because of this, the plague all however disappeared.

Inside a yr, Londoners had confronted an epidemic and a city-destroying hearth in fast succession. As they rebuilt the town, there was a renewed sense of civic pleasure—and eventually, some gratitude for Charles II.

63. He Unfold The Love

With this built-up goodwill, Charles II went again to doing what he did finest: juggling mistresses. Whereas he nonetheless lavished his chief mistress, Barbara Palmer, with presents—together with a palace—he started to tire of her scandalous conduct and her grudge towards his spouse. Unexpectedly, girls started jockeying for a spot in his affections, and Charles II had no complaints. In spite of everything, why accept one mistress when you’ll be able to have three or 4?

64. He Was A Meal Ticket

It wasn’t simply the ladies going after Charles II, and vice versa. Opportunistic courtiers noticed this as a chance to shove a girl below his nostril who might them go on to assist push their agendas. On account of this flurry of fervent consideration, Charles II ended up taking a number of mistresses, together with some noblewomen—and a few very scandalous actresses.

65. He Had An Eye For The Stage

First, Charles II discovered himself within the arms of Moll Davis, the illegitimate daughter of a nobleman who grew as much as turn into an actress and courtesan. After that they had a daughter collectively, Charles II awarded her with a lifelong pension (his typical reward for mistresses). Davis’s standing was secured, which was good—as a result of there was a rival lurking within the wings.

66. She Moved Too Quick

There was one bold courtier, the Duke of Buckingham, who needed to get nearer to the king, and he knew simply the best way to do it. He enlisted the providers of actress Nell Gwyn—who rapidly made a deadly mistake. Based on some, she tried to safe a yearly wage earlier than the King had even made up his thoughts about her. The Duke and Gwyn’s hopes have been dashed—not less than, at first.

67. They Pranked Her Out Of His Bed room

They have been each actresses, however Gwyn wasn’t solely a rival to Davis for the stage. Gwyn additionally needed the King’s coronary heart—so she got here up with a devious plan. Based on some nameless satires of the time, there was one night when Davis was purported to have a rendez-vous with Charles II. Hoping to get a leg up within the competitors, Gwyn secretly slipped her a laxative—and shortly after, Charles II and Davis have been accomplished.

Whether or not or not that particular anecdote is completely true, one factor is definite: the King and Nell Gwyn positively began getting scorching and heavy round this time.

68. Her Place Was Precarious

One other story units up their first encounter as having occurred on the opera. After a night of flirting, the King invited Gwyn to dinner with him and a few his courtiers. When the invoice got here, all of them realized that they’d forgotten their money—just for Gwyn to pay for all of them, and toss off a witty comment whereas doing so.

Quickly after, she grew to become his lover, they usually did little to cover it from the general public. They’d two youngsters collectively—however even that wasn’t sufficient to maintain her on high.

69. She Met Her Rival

Nell Gwyn was second to none in Charles II’s life—however nothing can final perpetually, particularly when politics are concerned. When Charles’s sister handed on, one in every of her ladies-in-waiting, a good looking younger lady by the identify of Louise de Kerouaille was left with no place in court docket. Ever gallant, the king swept in to supply her a place along with his spouse. Sorry Nell—meet your new rival.

70. She Was Born To Be His Mistress

Elegant, lovely, and demure, Louise de Kerouaille was the proper choose for a king’s mistress. If she appeared too to be true—that’s as a result of she was. Many whispered that her dad and mom had groomed her to be mistress to the French king Louis XIV, and solely pawned her off on Charles when it didn’t work out. There was additionally the truth that she was French, and on the time, they wanted somebody to push the King to work of their curiosity.

There was only one downside—Nell Gwyn wasn’t fairly able to let go.

71. They Had been Full Opposites

For some time, Nell Gwyn and Louise de Kerouaille competed for the King’s attentions. Fortunately, with Charles II’s ample expertise as a playboy, he had no downside with this example. Ultimately, the refined de Kerouaille edged the tough Gwyn out. For one, de Kerouaille was way more type to the King’s spouse than any of his earlier mistresses.

It was clear that she knew the best way to play the video games of the royal court docket—however all of the smarts on this planet couldn’t distract Charles II from different girls.

72. She Wormed Her Manner In

Whereas many whispered that the French had planted Louise de Kerouaille to be able to advance their pursuits, that won’t have been true of her—however it was actually true of Hortense Mancini. And in contrast to a lot of her opponents, Mancini and the King had historical past. Charles II had as soon as proposed to her earlier than his crown had been restored, just for her uncle to reject him.

Years later, Mancini was ignored within the chilly whereas her abusive husband siphoned her pensions, so one more bureaucrat enlisted her to get nearer to Charles II. Nicely, she made fairly the impression.

73. She Was Unforgettable

How do you stand out in a royal court docket stuffed with eligible younger potential mistresses? Nicely, when Mancini met Charles II, she knew precisely the best way to make herself memorable. Mancini had a penchant for cross-dressing, and he or she was wearing males’s clothes when she first launched herself to the king. It labored, and inside a yr, Louise de Kerouaille was left heartbroken as Charles II made Mancini his chief mistress.

74. She Received In Her Personal Manner

Mancini’s life previous to her entrance to the English court docket hadn’t precisely been simple—and now she had a plum gig because the King’s chief mistress. Nicely, because it turned out, she was her personal worst enemy. It’s possible that Charles II and Mancini might’ve saved what that they had going for years, however the lady had an urge for food. She had affairs of her personal on the aspect—they usually got here again to chunk her.

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75. He Couldn’t Imagine What She’d Achieved

Across the courts, there have been whispers of Mancini’s promiscuity, however the King largely ignored them—till in the future, when she went means too far. It got here out that Mancini was having an affair with a girl. And that lady? Nicely, she was one in every of Charles II’s illegitimate daughters. As if that wasn’t sufficient, Mancini additionally took up with the Prince of Monaco. Livid, Charles II reduce her off…however he solely lasted a few days earlier than he reinstated her.

He might have forgiven her, however she was now not the favourite—that place pivoted again to Louise de Kerouaille.

76. Issues Had been Trying Dangerous

In spite of everything that, Charles II lastly cooled it slightly with the tangled internet of mistresses—and turned again to the tangled internet of politics. The scandals and fixed melodrama that adopted Charles II round like a nasty stench have been lastly taking their toll, and there have been doubts about his management. His comfortable help for Catholics exacerbated this, in addition to his approval for the failed Anglo-Dutch Battle. Issues have been abruptly trying very unhealthy for the King.

77. He Had A Large Dilemma

It had been not less than 5 years for the reason that Queen’s final being pregnant had resulted in a miscarriage, and Charles II’s topics grew frightened concerning the query of an inheritor. All of his youngsters have been illegitimate, and his brother was Catholic. The thought of a Catholic king was an enormous dealbreaker for them. To appease folks, Charles II despatched off his niece to marry the Protestant William of Orange—however nonetheless, it wasn’t sufficient for them.

78. They Went From Conspiracy To Hysteria

Quickly, an English priest started to unfold conspiracy theories that the Catholics have been making an attempt to assassinate the King and set up one in every of their very own as a successor, in what is named the Popish Plot. At first, Charles II brushed all of it off—however then, it spiraled rapidly uncontrolled. Quickly, a wave of anti-Catholic hysteria swept folks up, although the conspiracy was unfounded. The truth is, the aftermath fully overshadowed it.

79. He Shot Himself In The Foot

Whereas Charles II and his males remained skeptical, the Parliament completely purchased into it—and after I say completely, I imply they have been prepared to begin a struggle with France over it. Charles truly conspired with France to stop this, and when the Parliament accused one in every of his males of treason because of this, he dissolved the Parliament. It was a Hail Mary transfer—and it didn’t precisely work out in his favor.

80. He Tried To Stamp Them Out

The brand new Parliament wasn’t any extra receptive to working with Charles II. The truth is, they have been overtly hostile. Thus started a vicious cycle. The Parliament tried to draft a invoice to exclude Charles II’s brother from the road of succession, he dissolves it. They type a brand new Parliament, it opens for just a few days…and he dissolves it once more. Bear in mind, feuding with Parliament had in the end prompted his father’s darkish destiny. Charles was taking part in a harmful recreation.

81. He Was A Goal

Since his opponents weren’t gaining any floor in Parliament, they took their plans out onto the streets. Initially, the Protestants had feared a pretend conspiracy to assassinate the King. Now, they have been the group planning an actual one. In 1683, a bunch of Protestants conspired to take out each Charles II and his pesky Catholic brother-heir James in a single fell swoop—however there was one factor they didn’t depend on.

82. The Reality Got here Out Later

They deliberate to ambush the King and his brother because the pair returned from watching horse races—however then, a sudden accident saved Charles II’s life. That week, a hearth destroyed most of Newmarket, and because of this, the city subsequently canceled the races. Later, the authorities caught wind of what had occurred. They got here to name it the Rye Home Plot, they usually executed a lot of these concerned in it.

Charles II’s survival had been an entire stroke of luck—however his hassle didn’t finish there.

83. His Personal Son Turned On Him

After the King’s males uncovered the Rye Home Plot, they bandied about dozens of names in connection to it. One hit near house. Many suspected James Scott, the King’s eldest illegitimate son, of getting taken half in it. However why? Charles II had lavished Scott with presents, cash, and prestigious positions, even making him the Duke of Monmouth.

Nicely, it had all began when Scott was a toddler.

84. She’d Lied To Him

Rising up, the King’s eldest son had slightly chook in his ear—and he or she favored to whisper harmful issues. Scott’s mom, Lucy Walter, had satisfied him when he was younger that she and the King had secretly wed. If this have been true, it might make him the rightful inheritor to Charles II’s throne. Though there was no proof, Scott wholeheartedly believed it.

Later in life, many who knew his story pushed him to combat for the throne, and after his father’s eventual passing, he did. Sadly, the brand new King instantly had him detained and executed for treason.

85. He Was Out For Blood

Again when King Charles was youthful, he’d considerably softened his positions to be able to make sure that he’d lastly be given his father’s crown. However, after years of ruling an more and more unruly populace, he was hardened and imply. The best way that he ruled was harsh and merciless. He used the courts to persecute his opponents.

At every other level in his life, this is able to foreshadow some form of dire rebel—however not this time. There wasn’t sufficient time left for that.

86. It Was Sudden

On February 2, 1685, Charles II started to endure from an apoplectic match. For the subsequent 4 days, he rested, taking time to talk to his brother and his spouse, and to make sure that his favourite mistresses could be taken care of. Then, on the age of 54, he handed on. The tragedy and the thriller solely deepened from there.

87. They Thought Somebody Had Lastly Received To Him

Contemplating simply what number of occasions that Charles II had lived with a goal on his again, his supporters instantly started to suspect that somebody had poisoned him. Nonetheless, fashionable docs have urged a very totally different chance. The King’s signs match these or uraemia, which occurs on account of kidney dysfunction. With this, all of the items began coming collectively.

88. He Might Have Achieved It Himself

King Charles II had a harmful pastime—though he didn’t realize it. No, it wasn’t continuously dissolving Parliament or preserving a number of mistresses. It was his curiosity in science. He saved a laboratory and had been experimenting with mercury. It’s solely doable {that a} case of mercury poisoning was what in the end took his life—however issues aren’t all the time so reduce and dry.

89. It Wasn’t Straightforward

Charles II’s closing days have been completely torturous. With the intention to attempt to treatment him, docs subjected him to numerous primitive, ugly, and painful therapies, together with bloodletting, purging, and cupping. When Charles II realized that his probabilities of restoration have been slim, he made his peace with those who he might. He even apologized to his spouse for the way in which that he’d handled her over time.

She wasn’t the one one which he stunned in his closing moments.

90. He Made A Change

In his closing moments, Charles II surprised many—particularly his spouse—when he returned to the Roman Catholic religion. He known as for a priest to present him his final rites. When the person arrived, the King was shocked. 34 years earlier than, following the ultimate battle of the English Civil Battle, Cromwell’s forces had cornered Charles in England and he had been on the run.

After a protracted journey on foot, Charles arrived at his vacation spot for the evening, injured and exhausted. He was greeted by a Catholic priest, Father John Huddleston—and the encounter modified his life.

91. He’d Recognized True Kindness

Father Huddleston bathed Charles II’s bloody and bruised ft. The type gesture deeply touched the longer term King. He instructed the Catholic priest: “If it please God I come to my crown, each you and all of your persuasion shall have as a lot liberty as any of my topics.” Within the years that adopted, regardless of all method of violent pushback from Parliament, Charles had tried in his personal approach to maintain that promise—and now, as soon as once more, he confronted Father Huddleston.

92. They Reunited

Charles II’s brother James had introduced the priest, saying, “Sire, this good man as soon as saved your life. He now comes to avoid wasting your soul.” The King instructed him that he wished to depart the world as a Roman Catholic and made his confession. The person who had confirmed him such kindness greater than three a long time earlier then administered his final rites.

With that, Charles II was gone—however within the years following his passing, a few of the darkish truths about his life lastly emerged.

93. He Bared It All

Charles II was a deeply guarded man, regardless of the court docket rumors that adopted him. A lot of his life was a thriller for hundreds of years—till a personal diary revealed all of his darkest secrets and techniques. The diary belonged to Samuel Pepys, who was a Member of Parliament below Charles. It contained dramatic private accounts of catastrophes just like the Nice Fireplace of London and the Plague, however the juiciest bits all needed to do with the surprising life that Charles II lived behind closed doorways.

94. Who Knew How Many Youngsters There Actually Had been

Based on Pepys’ diary, a girl named Winfred Wells, gave beginning to a toddler throughout a New 12 months’s Eve court docket ball in 1662. Many suspected that the kid was the King’s, but when it was, he by no means publicly acknowledged it—which, as we all know, was peculiar for him. Pepys additionally claimed on file that he’d paid her off just a few months later.

A number of years later, he additionally gave her one other sum as a wedding reward when she wed one in every of his attendants, Thomas Wyndham. The queen additionally appointed her dresser, so possibly Pepys was onto one thing. Nonetheless, as we all know, she wasn’t the one one…

95. She Needed Extra

Though she was merely his royal mistress, Nell Gwyn was trustworthy to King Charles II for her total life. However when the king refused to acknowledge his little one, Nell abruptly turned bitter and demanded that Charles II make the boy into an Earl. Based on one supply, she wore him down with incessant needling—however some historians imagine the true story is way darker.

96. She Performed A Harmful Sport

One disturbing story that folks have retold over time is that Gwyn held her toddler son out of a window and threatened to drop him except Charles II elevated him to the peerage. Instinctually, the King yelled, “God save the Earl of Buford!” I assume they went with that, as a result of that was the title that Charles II gave to him quickly afterward.

So far as legends go, it’s fairly spicy—however it’s not the one good one.

97. They Saved A Secret

Close to the tip of Charles II’ life, he and his chief mistress Louise de Kerouaille hid a darkish secret behind bed room doorways. The growing old king was going flaccid, and he typically couldn’t correctly fulfill his younger mistress the way in which she needed. That is an embarrassing sufficient predicament, however it didn’t take lengthy for even darker rumors to begin floating by means of the palace…

98. She Cheated On The King

Round this time, the stressed Louise began getting up shut and private with the good-looking Phillipe de Vendome, Grand Prior of France. Now, Charles II was by no means a fan of monogamy, however when his mistresses exercised the identical freedoms that he did, he noticed pink. Half mad with jealousy, the King drove himself to unprecedented actions.

99. It Nearly Began An Worldwide Incident

Apparently, Charles II marched proper as much as Phillipe and asked-slash-demanded that he get the heck out of England. The Duke’s reply shocked him. Smug and self-satisfied along with his prowess and energy, Phillipe mentioned “Nope.” Ultimately, the French King himself needed to step in and convey his rogue topic again house and out of England to stop a sticky scenario.

100. He By no means Forgot

As we’ll keep in mind, again when Charles II grew to become King, the Parliament pressured him to pardon a lot of his previous enemies, however he did get to topic a few of the males concerned in his father’s execution to brutal punishments. Nonetheless, his primary enemy, Oliver Cromwell, escaped this darkish destiny. He handed on three years earlier than Charles II got here to energy. Nonetheless, if you happen to assume because of this he escaped Charles II’s thirst for bloody vengeance, you’d be unsuitable.

101. He Received Vengeance Past The Grave

For his half in overthrowing the English Monarchy and the execution of Charles I, the King subjected Cromwell to a posthumous execution on January 30, 1661. Charles II had his males dig up his physique (in addition to different commanders concerned with the execution), dangle it in chains at Tyburn, London, after which throw it right into a pit for good measure.

As if Charles II’s message didn’t throughout with that, he additionally had Cromwell’s severed head on a pole outdoors of Westminster Corridor till 1685.

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22

Initially Printed by – Rachel Seigel

Authentic Supply –

What do you think?


Written by Harry Rosen

Harry Rosen is an accomplished explorer, photographer, creative director, speaker, and author.

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