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Mauritania country profile

Mauritania country profile


Flag of Mauritania

Flag of Mauritania

Considered one of Africa’s latest oil producers, the Islamic Republic of Mauritania bridges the Arab Maghreb and western sub-Saharan Africa.

The largely-desert nation presents a cultural distinction, with an Arab-Berber inhabitants to the north and black Africans to the south. A lot of its persons are nomads.

Within the Center Ages Mauritania was the cradle of the Almoravid motion, which unfold Islam all through the area and for some time managed the Islamic a part of Spain.

European merchants started to indicate curiosity in Mauritania within the 15th century. France gained management of the coastal area in 1817, and in 1904 a proper French protectorate was prolonged over the territory.

Mauritania is wealthy in mineral assets, particularly iron and ore. It’s seen by the West as a worthwhile ally within the combat in opposition to Islamist militancy within the Sahel area.

President: Mohamed Ould Ghazouani

Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Ghazouani

Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Ghazouani

Former defence minister Mohamed Ould Ghazouani received the 2019 presidential election, succeeding his mentor and fellow military officer Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.

Mauritanian newspaper reader

Mauritanian newspaper reader

Mauritania has one of the vital open media environments of the Maghreb area.

Web entry is unrestricted, with variety of customers reportedly exceeding 455,000 by 2014.

Some key dates in Mauritania’s historical past:

Mauritanian anti-slavery activist Biram Ould Dah Ould Abeid

Slavery continues to be practised in Mauritania and abolitionist Biram Ould Dah Ould Abeid has continuously run into hassle with the authorities over his campaigns

Third-Seventh centuries AD – Berber and Arab migrants arrive in present-day Mauritania.

9-10th centuries – Empire of Ghana has its capital in present-day south-west Mauritania.

1076 – Berber Almoravid warriors defeat the Empire of Ghana.

1500s – European mariners and merchants set up settlements.

1850s-60s – French forces acquire management of southern Mauritania. In 1898 France wins the allegiance of Moors within the area.

1960 – Mauritania turns into unbiased from France.

1978 – First post-independence president, Moktar Daddah, is deposed in a army coup.

1979 – Mauritania offers up its claims to Western Sahara, deferring to an armed independence motion there.

2009 – Gen Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz – chief of the August 2008 army coup that ousted President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi – wins presidential elections.

2014 – France establishes a long-term army operation to stop jihadist teams from organising secure havens within the Sahel, together with Mauritania.

Mauritanian soldier guards Polisario Front rebels

A Mauritanian soldier guards Polisario Entrance rebels in search of independence for Western Sahara. Mauritania gave up its declare to the territory in 1979



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Written by Harry Rosen

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